By Kent Thiesse
Unless field conditions improve soon, some producers could be forced to consider not planting a portion of their crops because of wet field conditions. As June 1 approaches, producers in affected areas will be evaluating their crop insurance coverage for late planting or prevented planting options, as compared to the yield and profit potential for late-planted corn and soybeans.
The Final Planting Date for corn is May 31 in the southern two-thirds of Minnesota, all of Iowa, and all but the northern few counties in Wisconsin, as well as a few counties in both southeast South Dakota and North Dakota, in order to receive full crop insurance coverage for 2019. The “Late Planting Period” for corn is from June 1-25, with a reduction in the insurance coverage level of one percent for each day that corn planting is delayed past May 31.
In northern Minnesota and extreme northern Wisconsin, as well as many counties in North and South Dakota, the final date for corn planting with full insurance coverage is May 25, with the late planting date extending to June 19. Following the late planting period, the maximum crop insurance coverage is 55 percent of the insurance guarantee, which is the same as the insurance compensation for “Prevented Planted” crop acres.
For soybeans, the Final Planting Date is June 10 in Minnesota, eastern North and South Dakota, and the northern two-thirds of Wisconsin, with the late planting period extending 25 days until July 5. The final soybean planting date is June 15 in Iowa and the southern one-third of Wisconsin, with the late planting period lasting until July 10. As with corn, there is a reduction of one percent per day in the maximum insurance coverage during the late planting period, with 60 percent maximum insurance coverage after that period.
Once the Final Planting Date has been reached for corn or soybeans, farm operators can opt to take the prevented planting insurance coverage, if they have that option, rather than planting the crop. A large majority of producers in the Upper Midwest carry Revenue Protection crop insurance with prevented planting coverage on their corn and soybeans. If they choose the prevented planting coverage, they will receive 55 percent of their original crop insurance guarantee for corn and 60 percent for soybeans on a specific farm unit.
Crop producers will have different yield potential, crop expenses, land costs, etc. on various farm units, as well as differences in their level of crop insurance coverage and revue guarantees on various farms. All of these factors become important when evaluating prevented planting crop insurance decisions.
It is also important to note that the guaranteed payments for prevented planting with corn and soybeans are considerably less in 2018 compared to several years ago. The decision that your neighbor makes regarding prevented planting may not necessarily be the best decision on your farm.
Producers should contact their crop insurance agent for more details on final planting dates and prevented planting options with various crop insurance policies before making a final decision on prevented planting. In addition, the prevented planted acres need to be reported to the crop insurance agent. The USDA Risk Management Agency has some very good crop insurance fact sheets and planting date maps available on their website.
Assuming that producers have an eligible RP or Yield Protection crop insurance policy, they would have the following options with regards to delayed or prevented planting later than the established final planting dates:
The producer will receive a prevented planting payment per eligible acre equal to the original revenue guarantee times 55 percent for corn and 60 percent for soybeans. The original revenue guarantee is the APH yield times the crop insurance spring base price ($4.00 per bushel for corn and $9.54 per bushel for soybeans) times the level of RP coverage level.
Following are examples with 80% RP coverage on corn and 85% RP coverage on soybeans:
(Corn Example — 190 Bu./A x $4.00/Bu. x .80 = $608.00 x .55 = $334.40 (Prev. Planting Payment)
(Soybean Ex. — 55 Bu./A x $9.54Bu. x .85 = $474.98 x .60 = $267.60 (Prev. Planting Payment)
To qualify for prevented planting insurance coverage and payments, affected areas must be the lower of 20 acres, or 20 percent of the total eligible insured acreage in a farm unit. The maximum acreage eligible for prevented planting coverage is limited to the number of acres in the insurable farm unit. Furthermore, the maximum eligible acres for a given crop is the highest number of acres planted to that crop on that insurable farm unit in the past four years, regardless of the planned crop acreage for 2019.
Iowa State University and the University of Illionois FarmDoc. website have both developed very good spreadsheets to evaluate late and prevented planting crop decisions. They are available at:
I have prepared an information sheet titled: “Late and Prevented Planting Options for 2019”, which contains details on prevented planting requirements and considerations, as well as Tables comparing the potential results for options of late planting or prevented planting with normal production for corn and soybeans. Email me to receive a copy of the prevented planting information sheet.
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